“If I have seen farther than any man, it is because I have stood on the shoulders of giants.” (Newton)
“He was polite and always gave advice willingly,” she recalled.
There is an English proverb saying "Honesty is the best policy."
“The president,” said that reporter, “is lying.”
“At last,” said the old woman, “I can say I am truly happy.”
“I’m proud of what I did but I was just doing what I’d been taught,” John said.
“We must hope,” he replied wearily, “that things will improve.”
Do you agree with what Mary says: “A change is as good as a rest”?
The secretary said to the women on the phone: “Could you hold on for a minutes?”
He told the gunman, “I refuse to do that”; his knees, however, were shaking even as he said those words.
She never liked the poem "Dover Beach"; in fact, it was her least favorite piece of Victorian literature.
3）問號、感嘆號和破折號有時置于引號之內, 有時置于引號之外。如果所引用內容本身是疑問句或感嘆句或帶有破折號, 這些符號一般放在引號之內。否則, 放在引號之外。例如：
Once we have decided the content of teaching, the next question we have to answer is “How should we teach?”
What is the meaning of the title “Theme Parks — Fun and More Than Fun”?
He loves to say “I told you so!” when things go wrong.
The frightened girl screamed, “Help”!
“You are quite wrong — she does like you.”
Uncle Wang laughingly answered —“No, no; stay where you are.”
“Pass me — I mean, would you mind passing me the salt, please?”
The wind swallowed the reply, and Jukes heard only one word, spoken with great energy “… Always …”
5）作者提示“某某說/想/寫”之類的詞語（如he said / smiled / whispered / asked / advised / answered / begged / suggested / decided / shouted / agreed / screamed / thought / wrote / replied, she told me, they complained）放置在中間，用逗號與其兩側的引用語分開，但引用語若有問號或嘆號時則保留原用符號。例如：
“Humor,” says Dr. James Birren, noted psychologist, “also leads you to join with other people.”
“Tell us,” they said, “of more wonders that you have seen!”
“Of course,” he smiled, “which star would you like to go?”
“Forgive me,” Einstein wrote, “you found the only way which, in your age, was just about possible for a man of highest thought and creative power.”
“No sir,”replied the girl,“I want to go home.”
‘When the judge said, “Not guilty”, I could have hugged him.’
“I think she said ‘I will try,’ not ‘I won’t try,’” explained Sandy.
The professor said: “Confucius says, ‘Do not impose on others what you do not desire yourself.’ This is a very good principle of moral conduct.”
“Help! Help!” shouted the boy.
“I can’t do it,” he had said.
“I am sure,” said Jack, “you are right.”
(1) Rebecca: “What! Don’t you love him (Amelia’s brother)?”
Amelia: “Yes, of course, I do.”
(2) A: “The old house belongs to the Greens.”
B: “There’s nobody living in it now, is there?”
(3) “Were all three people in the car injured in the accident?”
“No, it was only the two passengers who got hurt.”
(4) “How shall I do it?”
“Just as you wish.”
3. 用以標明專有名詞，如廣播、電影、電視節目, 歌曲及游戲, 夏令營名稱等，或文藝作品，如雜志、報紙上的文章、短詩、短篇故事，或整部書的某一章節的名稱等。例如：
I was watching “Match of the Day”.
His most exciting invitation was to perform on a TV programme called “Top of the Pops.”
I love “Ode to Ants”; it’s insightful and moving.
“In Search of Roots” has helped students like Robert Qian find out about their
“The Arabian Nights” is a very interesting story-book.
Explain in your own words what the writer means by the title “A NIGHT THE EARTH DIDN’T SLEEP”.
When an ant says “ocean”, he’s talking about a small pool.
Why do advertisers often use the “Buy one get one free” message?
That’s the motto of the Olympics, you know —“Swifter, Higher and Stronger.”
Many people believe that “It is always calm before a storm.”
There is an old saying: “Give a man a fish; you have fed him for today. Teach a man to fish, and you have fed him for a lifetime.”
“It pours cats and dogs” means it rains heavily.
The theme of our discussion was “Europe in the 1980’s”.
Use “can’t” to show that you are almost sure something is not true.
“Sayings” are fixed phrases or sentences used to make comments, give advice, issue warnings, etc.
“SOS” is a message for help from a ship or aircraft when in danger.
The idea that the number “13” brings bad luck seems to be quite absurd.
You can put the prefix super- in front of many words to give them the meaning “more than” or “above”.
I’d love to have my own company one day. I can achieve that by having a “winner’s” attitude: I can do this!
When people use words and expressions different from the “standard language”, it is called a dialect.
The second kind of word is a “homophone”—it’s created by combining letters and symbols to sound like other words.
“I have recovered,” said the president, who described his return to health as a “medical miracle”.
We say a good journalist must have a good “nose” for a story.
The message it is sending is: “Buy our shoes and you’ll live an exciting life in the ‘fast lane’.”
The author “kills off” her hero in Chapter 7.
He realized the “subtlety” of China’s messages, the gap between her hot rhetoric and her cool action.
Haven’t you noticed the “Danger” sign on the sidewalk?
You must always hide medicine from children, and you should tell children to ask their parents before they eat “candy” they find.
Instead of “nice” you can write smart, clean, excellent, exciting, beautiful, wonderful, clever, famous, grand, great, huge, special, unusual,…
Reading is a “passive” activity. To really learn any new language, you need to “use” it actively.
The dog laughed and said, “Don’t deceive me that way.”
“I hate packing for a vacation,” said the yellow snail.
How did those “elegantly” dressed young men and ladies look on the bus?
Born in New Orleans in 1901, Louis was so poor that he often went “shopping” in rubbish bins outside fancy restaurants.
“What’s happened?” he muttered.
1. Hornby, A. S.《牛津高階英漢雙解詞典（第七版）》，商務印書館，牛津大學出版社, 2009年
4. 張培基等《英漢翻譯教程》，上海外語教育出版社, 1980年